Sugar - the main source of energy for humans. It enters the body with food rich in carbohydrates. In favorable conditions, complex carbohydrates (sugars) in the intestine are broken down into simple ones, and act as a substance called glucose, which enters the bloodstream and is further transported to individual cells and throughout the body.
Causes of increased blood sugar
If the results of examinations showed an increase in sugar, the doctor should find out the root cause and eliminate the provoking factor. The reasons for the change in blood glucose levels are many and they are divided into several groups. Below is a table that describes them in detail.
|Within hours of eating.||Diabetes.||Acute heart attack.|
|After experiencing stress, anxiety, overwork.||Endocrine disorders.||Burns|
|After smoking.||Pathology of the pancreas.||Intense pain|
|Due to the large physical exertion.||Diseases of the liver, neoplasms.||Angina pectoris|
|Before menstruation.||Infectious processes in the body.||Epilepsy.|
|-||Acceptance of certain types of drugs.||Injuries to the skull.|
|-||Diabetes pregnant.||Surgical intervention in the work of the digestive tract.|
How to recognize that sugar is elevated
The following symptoms may indicate a rise in sugar:
- frequent urination;
- feeling thirsty, dry mouth at night;
- lethargy, fatigue;
- nausea, sometimes vomiting, headaches;
- weight loss over a short period of time;
- reduced vision, itching of the skin, joining a fungal infection.
The presence of at least one symptom may indicate an increase in glucose.
Effective folk sugar reduction methods
The use of folk remedies should be combined with the rejection of bad habits - alcohol, smoking. Also of great importance is the observance of the regime of sleep and rest, a balanced diet. Particular emphasis should be placed on nuts, dairy products. The diet should contain: beets, garlic, cucumbers, onions, cabbage, legumes, grapefruit, raspberries, savory apples, strawberries, blueberries, cereals, seafood, fish, dietary meats. Vegetables and fruits should be consumed after minimal heat treatment.
Natural juices (freshly squeezed and without added sugar), which are best drunk before meals in the morning and evening, help in the fight against the problem. Useful cabbage and beet juice.
INTERESTING FACT! Baked onions, eaten on an empty stomach, lowers blood sugar levels.
The hawthorn fruits, from which excellent tea is made, help to cope with the high level of glucose. The drink is also suitable for hypertensive patients and people suffering from heart disease.
To normalize the sugar index, various herbs and plants are used:
- bean pods;
- walnut septum;
- burdock root;
- blueberry leaves;
- strawberry leaves;
- Bay leaf;
- Birch buds;
- lilac buds;
Of these plants, they are preparing decoctions and brewing teas, but without consulting a doctor, you should not resort to self-treatment.
Pharmaceutical preparations, drugs and vitamins
Preparations for reducing blood glucose:
- Secretagogues - enhance the production of endogenous insulin. Sulfonylurea derivatives and methylglynides are fast-acting, normalize sugar in the blood and liver, contribute to insulin production by the pancreas, affect the hormone levels in the tissues. Preparations: "Gimeperid", "Glikvidon", "Nateglinid", "Repaglinide".
- Sensitizers: biguanides and thiazolidones. The drug "Metformin" is a reliable drug, well tolerated by patients. "Rosiglitazon", "Pioglitazone" increase the sensitivity of peripheral tissues to the effects of insulin. Have a severe side effect.
- Alpha glucosidase inhibitors - interfere with the active absorption of insulin in the digestive tract. Representative: "Akarobaza". A new drug - Lyraglutid (syringe pen) affects adipose tissue, does not deplete the pancreas.
Among the popular pharmacy drugs can be called:
Those who have the problem of high blood sugar, it is important to get the daily rate of micro-and macro. First of all, it concerns zinc and chrome. As for vitamins, special emphasis should be placed on vitamins C, E, A, groups B, H, which act as antioxidants and stabilizers, help protect those organs and systems that are most affected by diabetes. Vitamin complexes are taken regardless of the time of year, due to the low content of nutrients in food.
Physical activity and gymnastics
Properly organized physical activity contributes to the achievement of positive results with a high level of glucose and maximally improves blood counts. Moreover, regular workouts help stabilize blood pressure, increase energy, and reduce body weight. Increases susceptibility to insulin, reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, strengthens resistance to stress. The first results of classes will be visible in two months. The appropriateness and frequency of exercise should be discussed with your doctor.
The greatest efficiency can be obtained by distributing the load on the arms and legs in rhythmic exercises. The following types of sports loads will help in this:
- cycling ride.
These types of physical activity help to normalize sugar levels and achieve positive dynamics in the treatment of diabetes.
The fastest ways to reduce sugar at home
There are many popular recipes for reducing sugar at home, but not all of them act quickly. Consider some of the fastest options.
- Green coffee. Unroasted coffee beans are ground in a coffee grinder and the beverage is prepared in the usual way. Just one cup of green coffee reduces the level of sugar.
- Cinnamon. Spice, which is added to a variety of dairy dishes, coffee. If the sugar has risen, stir 20 g of cinnamon in a glass of kefir and immediately drink it.
- Sauerkraut Juice Accepted 30 minutes before a meal, 100 ml.
Diet with high sugar
For those who have elevated levels of sugar, nutrition according to diet No. 9 is recommended. The daily menu should contain complex carbohydrates, proteins of animal and vegetable origin, fruits and vegetables. More specific recommendations are listed in the table below.
|With no restrictions||Prohibited||Other recommendations|
|Vegetables: pumpkin, sweet pepper, eggplant, cabbage, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, onions and greens.||Starchy vegetables - potatoes. Or after soaking.||Vegetables may be present in the diet in fresh form, as well as boiled, stewed or baked.|
|Fruits and berries: citrus, apples, peaches, plums, nectarines, raspberries, strawberries, red and black currants, blueberries, cherries, cherries, cranberries||Fruits and berries: figs, bananas, melons, raisins, grapes, dates.||Best to eat seasonal fruit.|
|Drinks savory: compote, lemonade, mors.||Carbonated sweet drinks, sweet juices.||It is useful to drink herbal teas.|
|Fish and meat, offal, seafood are allowed.||Meat: fat beef and pork, smoked and boiled sausage, sausages||Special emphasis in the diet with high sugar should be made on low-fat meat and fish. It is best to cook baked and boiled dishes.|
|Milk and dairy products: cottage cheese, low-fat kefir, ryazhenka, suluguni, unsweetened yogurt, cheese.||Fatty dairy products: cream, butter, yellow cheeses, spread and margarine.||You can buy low-fat dairy products in every supermarket.|
|Groats: barley, oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, couscous and bulgur.||White rice varieties and semolina.||-|
|First courses: okroshka, bean and mushroom soup, vegetable broths.||Fatty first courses: solyanka, borscht.||-|
|Flour: their bran bread, rye bread.||Baking using white flour.||-|
|Desserts: berry mousse, baked unsweetened apple.||Candy, biscuits, buns, cakes and pastries.||Fruit desserts without sugar. You can add substitutes "Stevia"|
You will also have to give up store sauces, alcohol and fast food.
Sample menu for the day
Nutritionists recommend to make the menu for the week, so that there is no difficulty with cooking. Sample menu options for different occasions.
- Breakfast. For the first meal, the following dishes are suitable: fish cutlets, oatmeal on the water, boiled eggs, low-fat cottage cheese with any of the permitted fruits, buckwheat, steamed omelet with mushrooms, white hard cheese varieties.
- Lunch or lunch. It may consist of such dishes or products: unsweetened cottage cheese, apple, vegetable salad, grapefruit.
- Dinner. For example: baked beef with salad, pickle, porridge with steam cutlet, borsch and vegetable salad, steamed vegetables with chicken fillet, soup with mushrooms and seafood salad, steamed fish and vegetable salad, grilled turkey with vegetables, squash soup.
- High tea Make it easy. Suitable: ryazhenka, unsweetened yogurt, nuts, pear, fruit salad.
- Dinner. An excellent option: omelette with vegetables, fish fillet and baked peppers, vegetable slices and meatballs.
Features of reducing sugar in pregnancy and in children
Future mothers and children belong to a sensitive category of patients, as in most cases, doctors prescribe them sparing medical measures. To normalize glucose levels, doctors most often recommend that you stick to a diet and keep fit.
It is difficult for both pregnant and children to keep gastronomic desires under control. But in this case, proper nutrition plays a key role. Expectant mothers and parents whose children have a high sugar problem can use the above recommendations on how to formulate a diet. As for physical activity, pregnant women in the early stages are shown: aerobics, Pilates, yoga, swimming, fitball.
Children can do almost any physical activity, if there are no contraindications. Special sections will help to take the child away from the computer, where he will be able to spend time together with his peers.
Opinions of doctors about home sugar reduction
Doctors are always unequivocal in their opinion about home treatment. They emphasize the need for examination and consultation from a qualified doctor. A rise in sugar is a signal from the body to which you must respond correctly and quickly. Timely treatment in a health facility will help identify the disease in its early stages and increase the chances of recovery.
Doctors believe that homemade sugar reduction methods should be discussed only with your doctor, who can determine the feasibility of certain techniques in each case. Special care should be shown to expectant mothers.
How to control sugar and prevent its increase?
The best treatment is prevention, so if there is a predisposition to diabetes, you should take care of your health. Those who are already sick, doctors recommend to buy a special apparatus for measuring glucose levels. This portable device with replaceable disposable nozzles will help to always be aware of sugar surges, in order to respond in a timely manner.
Quite often, those who suffer from diabetes can observe a drop in blood sugar, which also poses a risk to health and life. In such cases, experts recommend that you always have something sweet on hand.
To prevent an increase in sugar will help compliance with therapeutic measures and the designated diet.
If there are people in the family who are at risk of raising sugar, be sure to pass an examination and be attentive to even a minor deviation from the norm. Timely reaction and competent measures will help avoid weighting the state.
Those who already have a diagnosis of diabetes should take special responsibility for their health. Combination of medicines, diet, exercise and popular methods will help to increase the effectiveness of treatment. Stay healthy!