All shells are prone to clogging. The frequency of cleaning depends on the observance of operating rules, technological problems and clogging substances. According to average data, the sink in the kitchen is clogged more often due to ingress of fats and food debris.
Safety in the work
Before starting work, take precautions. Use household chemicals and some folk remedies (acetic acid, etc.) should be in tight rubber gloves. Carefully use vinegar essence, which can cause burns. When using household chemicals, study and follow the manufacturer's instructions.
Avoid contact with eyes and clothing of harmful substances. Means containing chlorine, in addition to the negative impact on the skin and mucous membranes, leave stains on clothes. Allergy sufferers, it is advisable to use respirators or masks when using household chemicals or acids. It is required to air the room.
Effective folk methods of removing blockages
Folk methods differ in availability and high efficiency. They can be used independently, without attracting plumbers. Despite the presence of a large number of household chemicals, traditional methods will always be relevant.
Soda and Vinegar
Baking soda and vinegar can be found in any kitchen. To use the national method, you do not need to spend extra money. Soda and vinegar occupy the second place in the effectiveness of eliminating blockages in the sink after the plunger. Combined use enhances their action.
Pour the soda into the drain hole and fill with vinegar 1: 1. During the reaction, a large amount of foam is formed, which boils for several minutes with the release of gas with a specific smell (close the opening with a stopper). After 20-30 minutes turn on the hot water under pressure. If necessary, repeat the procedure.
Soda is used to cleanse with hot water. It is necessary to fill in half a pack of soda with 10 liters of water, the temperature of 70 degrees. After it is desirable to apply a plunger.
Citric and oxalic acids
Citric acid is also found in every kitchen. It is a soft and non-toxic remedy to combat blockages, lime and rust. Due to less aggressiveness, citric acid is inferior in cleaning properties to vinegar. To eliminate the problem, it is poured into a drain (at least 2 sachets), filled with a small amount of warm water and left overnight.
Oxalic acid is a potent agent compared to citric acid. It is used to remove limescale and rust from plumbing and urinary stone from toilet bowls. To eliminate blockages of organic origin in the shell, oxalic acid is used in the same way as citric acid.
Place two tablets of the drug in the drain hole and cover with a glass of table vinegar (9%). This method helps with minor blockages in the siphon. The unpleasant smell is eliminated.
Other folk methods
Chlorine in any form ("Whiteness", etc.) can be used to remove blockage. Pour the product into the drain hole and leave overnight.
An effective way to clean a siphon is to remove it and remove trash. This does not require special tools. The problem is the presence of a large amount of dirt and an unpleasant smell, so this job is not for squeamish. Before removing the siphon put a bucket under it.
Mechanical cleaning methods
Consider mechanical cleaning with popular gadgets.
A simple means to eliminate blockages in the sink is a plunger. Its advantages are:
- Availability (inexpensive).
- Versatility (can be used in sinks, bathrooms and toilet bowls).
- Functionality (eliminates most problems).
- The possibility of long-term operation without extra costs (quality products last forever).
- Ease of use (only physical strength is used, no need to connect to an energy source).
By purchasing it, you can save on calls plumbing. Disadvantages:
- Low efficiency at operational and technological reasons for blockage.
- Does not cope completely with a strong blockage.
- It is necessary to actively use physical strength, sometimes for a long time.
How to use: pour water into the sink, attach the plunger to the drain hole, press it vigorously several times.
Blower Vacuum Cleaner
If the house has a vacuum cleaner with a blow function, you can use it. It is necessary to fix the tube of the vacuum cleaner in the drain hole, laying cracks around the rags, then turn on the vacuum cleaner in the blow mode for a few minutes.
To clean the blockage, a special ruff is used, with which you can remove garbage from the siphon without parsing it. The ruff is inserted through the drain hole and fills the garbage with its mechanism. The device has a magnet in it that removes metal objects from the pipes.
The cable can be bought for self-use or call the plumber with him. The fixture removes blockages deep in the pipes. The longer the cable, the greater the chance of getting to the point of clogging. This method is especially effective for mechanical blockages. The cable is inserted into the pipe and wound into it to the desired location by scrolling with the handle.
Hydraulic pump - professional equipment plumbers. Eliminates blockages with high pressure water flow. The method is effective and environmentally friendly. The disadvantage is the high cost.
Popular household chemicals - examples and instructions
You can use household chemicals to clean the sink drain. Liquid preparations are more effective than powdered. When applying them, there is no need to disassemble the siphon. Household chemicals out of the box is ready for use and does not require special training.
- "Mole". The most common remedy. It happens in a liquid, gel and dry form (granules). Advantages, in the rapid elimination of blockages and budget price. The main disadvantage is harmful composition. How to use: pour (pour and pour a small amount of water) into the drain hole for 15 minutes - 1.5 hours.
- "Tiret" ("Tiret"). It has a lot in common with the Mole, but it costs more. When applying, you must first pour the product, and then pour boiling water slowly (5-6 glasses). Under action is a vigorous reaction. Applicable only to metal pipes.
Eliminating unpleasant smell from the sink
There are two most common causes of unpleasant smell from the sink.
- Odor from the sink may appear due to improper installation of the drain pipe (no U or S-shaped bend). In this case, you need to eliminate the error.
- Offensive odor is a consequence of blockage. Resolving the problem should fix the situation.
Useful tips and prevention
Observe the rules for operating the drain system and prevent debris from entering it. The appearance of a blockage can be prevented by installing additional mesh in the sink, which must be cleaned after washing dishes. Periodically you need to remove the siphon and clean it from waste and sediment.
For the prevention of lime and rust, you should regularly treat the sink with soda, citric or sorrel acid, as well as appropriate household chemicals. For these purposes, the tool is applied to the problem area and left for a while to loosen the plaque. Household chemicals act faster than folk methods.
Eliminating blockages is quite effective at home, if you use proven methods. However, it is better to prevent the appearance of the problem with the help of simple techniques. A proven prevention tool is to install an additional mesh on the drain hole. In addition, all households need to be accustomed to proper management of sewage.