Every creature on the planet needs vitamins. These organic compounds are produced by the body or supplied with food. Despite a huge role in metabolism, vitamins are characterized by zero calorie content and are not embedded in the structure of body tissues. Science has studied them quite well, but for ordinary people, vitamins are still a mystery. I will answer the question of what folic acid is, why women and men need it, consider how to use it and where it is contained.
How to take folic acid in adults and children
Our bodies do not produce certain substances, and they have to be filled with food or drugs. Among these substances is vitamin B9. The question of folic acid intake interests many, because the dosage is determined by age and health. Dosages are indicated per day.
- The dosage per day for an adult is 0.4 mg. Differences by gender are insignificant. Exception - pregnant women.
- With folic acid deficiency in men, the dosage reaches 1 mg. Vitamin deficiency adversely affects the quality of the seed, which is fraught with congenital defects in children.
- Oral contraceptives prevent the full absorption of vitamin B9. Therefore, doctors prescribe a dose of 0.5 mg to those taking contraceptive girls. With an increased level of estrogen vitamin can not be taken.
Video instruction for use
At the initial stage of life, the baby receives folic acid in the required amount with mother's milk. In the future, the need of a developing organism gradually grows. Prescribes a child drug only doctor.
- 1-3 years - 0.07 mg.
- 4-6 years old - 0.1 mg.
- 7-10 years old - 0.15 mg.
- 11-14 years - 0.2 mg.
- 15-18 years old - 0.3 mg.
These dosages are suitable for children without individual intolerance or contraindications. Before taking be sure to consult a pediatrician.
The standard dose for the elderly is 0.4 mg per day. Folic acid deficiency in the elderly leads to cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis. For problems with the digestive system, the doctor increases the dose. With hearing loss, the dose reaches 1 mg per day.
Folic acid during pregnancy and feeding
Vitamin B9 is prescribed from the moment of pregnancy planning until the end of lactation.
Half a month after fertilization, the brain and nervous system begin to form in the embryo. Thanks to folic acid, cells divide properly. Deficiency causes birth defects, including:
- Cleft lip;
- Cleft palate;
- Malfunctions in the mental and mental development of the baby;
If you ignore the recommendations of the gynecologist and do not take a vitamin, the likelihood of premature birth, placental abruption or stillbirth will increase significantly. Scientists have proven that taking vitamin B9 prevents the development of deplorable events.
Weakness, apathy, depression - a consequence of a deficiency of folic acid in a female body weakened by childbirth. If you do not add it further, the quantity will decrease and the quality of the mother's milk will deteriorate.
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During gestation, the daily dose is 0.4 mg, and when feeding, 0.6 mg. The decision on doses is made by the gynecologist, guided by the results of the examination. Increase dosage if:
- There is epilepsy or diabetes.
- There are congenital diseases in the family.
- A woman is forced to take drugs that hinder the absorption of acid.
- Previously, children were born with folate-dependent diseases.
The gynecologist determines the dosage of vitamin during pregnancy. Independent choice of a “convenient” dose is prohibited and is fraught with serious consequences. Healthy women are prescribed the drug Pregnavit and Elevit. Girls who require higher doses are prescribed Apo-Folic or Folacin.
To find out how many pills to take per day, it is enough to carefully study the instructions attached to the preparation and consult a gynecologist.
What is folic acid for?
Let's look at the role of folic acid in the body's work, which is involved in the production of red blood cells and the synthesis of iron-containing protein.
Vitamin B9 promotes the production of nucleic acids with hereditary information, cell renewal, development and growth. He also participates in the formation of appetite and normalizes digestion.
Vitamin B9 helps to fight gastric diseases caused by low acidity, when the body is unable to cope with poisons, parasites and toxins in the digestive system.
The benefits of folic acid are described in every women's magazine. On the pages of online publications regularly meet the appointment of doctors during pregnancy, to maintain health and beauty. Much less information on taking vitamin B9 by men.
Why folic acid men? What role does she play in the development of the male body?
- Plays tremendous importance during puberty. It contributes to the development of sexual characteristics of a secondary nature: hair on the face and body, growth, voice formation. Affects the development of the body and the reproductive function of men.
- Deficiency is bad for sperm synthesis. The number of sperm cells with the wrong set of chromosomes increases, which is fraught with hereditary diseases.
- Folic acid and testosterone normalizes the development of male semen.
Migraine, depression, insomnia, weight loss, depression - signs of folic acid deficiency.
Vitamin B9 is involved in the regeneration of tissues, improves the hair structure, reduces fragility, strengthens the nails, makes the skin fresh and smooth. With a deficiency in the gums, the eyelids and lips turn pale.
Folic acid normalizes blood-forming processes, strengthens the immune system and has a positive effect on the state of the blood vessels. When skin diseases are taken to enhance the effect of the main drugs.
Folic acid creates an optimal hormonal background, and:
- Reduces the likelihood of developing cancer.
- Normalizes the menstrual cycle in adolescent girls.
- Delays menopause.
- Facilitates the conception of the fetus and helps the proper development in the first trimester.
- Treats postpartum depression.
According to pediatricians, vitamin B9 in the body of a child normalizes the digestive system, avoiding problems with the intestines and stomach. The lack of substance leads to improper diet, incorrect interaction with drugs and poor penetration of vitamins through the intestines.
Gastroenterologists note that vitamin helps to create and maintain the work of new cells, prevents dangerous and harmful changes in the body that occur in DNA.
In general, parents from an early age should instill in the child a desire for a healthy life, which provides for proper nutrition, visits to children's theaters, regular walks and sports.
Contraindications to folic acid
Take vitamin B9 as a medicine in accordance with the advice of a doctor. In small quantities, it is not dangerous, and overdose can lead to increased excitability, disorder of the digestive system, functional changes in the kidneys.
- Abnormalities in the kidneys.
- Cancer diseases.
- Lack of vitamin B12.
The use of any vitamins or drugs should be coordinated with the doctor, especially during pregnancy.
What products does it contain?
The body is not able to independently cover the need for vitamin B9. Vitamin complexes and the use of its containing products help out.
- Vegetables. The maximum content is green lettuce, spinach, parsley, cabbage and broccoli. Slightly less in cucumbers, pumpkin, carrots, beets and legumes.
- Herbs. Included in the nettle, mint and dandelion. Contained in birch, linden, raspberry and currant leaves.
- Fruits. Apricots, bananas and oranges. Juice made from these fruits is a storehouse of folic acid.
- Nuts and cereals. Peanuts and walnuts. A decent amount in barley and low-grade flour bread.
- Animal products. Present in salmon and tuna, beef and pork liver, chicken meat, eggs, cottage cheese and cheese.
For the normal functioning of the body requires a little bit of vitamin B9 and proper nutrition makes up for it in the required amount.